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The medieval English silver coin from the reign of Richard I, commonly known as "Richard the Lionheart," provides a captivating glimpse into the monetary history of late 12th-century England. Richard I ascended to the throne in 1189 and ruled until his untimely death in 1199. His reign was marked by his reputation as a fierce warrior and military leader, as well as his involvement in the Third Crusade. The coin in question is an A.R (argentum) silver penny minted in London during his reign and carries distinctive features that reflect both the era's political and religious context.


One side of this silver penny showcases a crowned bust of Richard I, holding a scepter, a symbol of his royal authority. This depiction of the monarch was not just a representation of his regal status but also a means of asserting his power and legitimacy during a time of political turbulence. Richard's reign was characterized by his frequent absences from England due to his participation in the Crusades and other military campaigns, making his coins an essential tool for maintaining his presence and authority within the kingdom.


On the reverse side of the coin, one can find the "R.V" inscription, representing the abbreviation of "Ricardus" (Richard) and "Villa" (London). This indicates that the coin was minted in London. The short cross with crosslets in the angles, also known as a "cross potent" or "cross with crosslets," is a common feature of medieval English coinage and bears strong Christian symbolism. It reflects the religious fervor of the era, with Christianity playing a central role in the lives of both rulers and subjects during the medieval period.


Coins like these not only served as a medium of exchange but also functioned as tangible expressions of political authority, religious identity, and the prevailing cultural values of the time. Today, they serve as valuable historical artifacts, offering insights into the reign of Richard the Lionheart and the broader historical context of 12th-century England.

Medieval English Silver

SKU: Medieval English Silver

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